Infectious and Inflammatory Causes of Facial Paralysis

There are numerous other causes of facial paralysis related to infection or inflammation of the facial nerve. Some examples of such causes include:

  • Lyme disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Guillan-Barre syndrome
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Systemic lupus
  • Wegener’s granulomatosis

Evaluation of these conditions involves specialized blood testing as well as a comprehensive history and physical examination. Treatment is individually tailored depending on the prognosis of recovery.